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Boxing

Chuck Horton has been a Boxing Trainer since 1994; however, Chuck has been in boxing his whole life. Boxing was originally established by the ancient Greeks as an Olympic game in 688 B.C., making it almost 2,700 years old.

The ancient form of boxing, however, is not similar to the game as we know it. Modern-day boxing began to evolve from the 16th- and 18th-century prizefights held throughout Great Britain. Bare-knuckle boxing matches were held undergound and had no written rules. In the mid-19th century, however, is when today’s game truly took shape.

Modern Boxing – Broughton’s Rules

Modern-day boxing has evolved from Broughton’s Rules which were introduced in 1743 by boxing-champion Jack Broughton. These rules were imposed to help limit the amount of deaths occurring in the ring. Early fighting did not even have weight divisions, round limits or referees; these are some of the basic concepts established in Broughton’s rules.

Broughton also classified a knockout as a fighter that went down and could not continue after a count of 30 seconds. It also placed restrictions on hitting a fighter below the waist and hitting them while they were down. Broughton also established the first form of modern-day boxing gloves which were called “mufflers.”

The rules evolved further under the London Prize Ring rules, established in 1838. They imposed restrictions on the size of the ring (24 square-foot ring surrounded by ropes) and declared headbutting and biting illegal. The Marquess of Queensbury rules, which were drafted in 1867 by John Chambers, placed 12 rules on the matches on established a pair of boxing gloves that more-closely resemble today’s modern pairs. The introduction of these gloves caused matches to be longer and more strategic – this is where slipping, countering and bobbing were established as foundations for boxing.

Professional vs. Amateur

Up until the 1800s, boxing matches were motivated by money. Fighters were competing for prize money, promoters were getting people to pay to watch the matches and onlookers placed bets on the result. During the modern-day Olympics, boxing was turned into an amateur sport as well. In 1908, boxing officially became an Olympic sport.

Amateur boxing can be found at a variety of levels – collegiate competitions, the Olympic Games, the Commonwealth Games and in other fights that are sanctioned by the amateur boxing associations. Amateur boxing is based on a points system that measures the number of clean blows landed. They consist of three, three-minute rounds with a one-minute break between each round.

In amateur boxing, competitors wear protective headgear. The white strip across the knuckles of the competitors’ glove is used for scoring; if the white strip connects with the opposing boxer, it is considered a scoring punch. Also, amateur boxers wear a belt over their torso to represent the legal line. Any blows that land below the belt are considered illegal.

In professional boxing, the bouts are much longer. Most pro bouts range from ten to 12 rounds; through the early 20th century, however, fights typically lasted unlimited rounds – they only ended when a competitor decided to quit. Soon, boxing matches were cut down to a 15 round maximum. This maximum was reduced to 12 rounds after the death of Duk Koo Kim. There is no headgear in professional bouts and boxers generally take much more punishment before a fight is stopped.

Jungle Boy Boxing

914 W. 3rd St., Duluth, Minnesota 55806